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Search for: Blog posts Products. Skinner Organ at Saint Peter's in Morristown. View more. Latest Pipe Organ News. I … View Article.

It is cold … View Article. VIP Newsletter Subscribe to our newsletter to get our latest video posts, blogs, photo gallery and to hear about our recordings.

You can unsubscribe anytime Constant Contact Use. In the early 20th century, the Dutch colonial government developed infrastructures for economic purposes, especially to support Dutch plantations in the region.

Roads and railways were constructed to connect inland plantations area with urban centers such as Bandung and port of Batavia. After Indonesian independence in , West Java became a supporting region for Jakarta, the Indonesian capital.

Jakarta remained as the business and political center of Indonesia. The northern area of West Java has become a major industrial area.

Areas such as Bekasi, Cikarang and Karawang are sprawling with factories and industries. The area in and around Bandung also developed as industrial area.

Forest in West Java covers , It consists of productive forest , Mangrove forest reaches 40, Besides, there is also another protected forest of about 32, West Java also produce non-forest's crop which is potential enough to be developed as forestry work, such as silk, mushroom, pine, dammar, maleleuca, rattan, bamboo, and swallow bird's nest.

In fishery sector, commodities include goldfish, nila fish, milkfish, freshwater catfish, windu shrimp, green mussel, gouramy, patin, seaweed and vaname shrimp.

In the poultry field, dairy cow, domestic poultry, and ducks are common commodities in West Java. This province has many plantation crops, such as tea, cloves, coconut, rubber, cacao, tobacco, coffee, sugar, palm and akar wangi Chrysopogon zizanioides.

From all those commodities, cloves, coconut, rubber, cocoa, tobacco, and coffee are common in West Java. From production side, the highest productivity is oil palm 6.

West Java also has a number of mining operations. Precious stone mining potential generally are found in Garut, Tasikmalaya, Kuningan, and Sukabumi Regency areas.

As consequences of has many volcanoes, West Java is potential of Geothermal energy. There are 11 points of geothermal energy and 3 points, i. Papandayan , Ceremai and Gede Pangrango have conducted pre-exploration.

Raw natural resources include chalk , several offshore oilfields in the Java Sea , and lumber. Most of the province is very fertile, with a mix of small farms and larger plantations.

There are several hydropower dams, including Jatiluhur , Saguling , Cirata , and Jatigede. Tourism is an important industry in West Java, and the Bandung and Puncak areas have long been known as popular weekend destinations for Jakartans.

Today Bandung has developed into a shopping destination, popular not only among local Indonesian especially Jakartans, but also with neighboring Malaysian and Singaporean visitors.

The population growth rate recorded in the ten years to was 1. West Java is the native homeland of Sundanese people which forms the largest ethnic group in West Java, followed by Javanese who migrated to the province centuries ago.

Since Jakarta and the surrounding area, including West Java, is the business and political center of Indonesia, the province has attracted various people from throughout Indonesia.

Other Native Indonesian ethnic groups such as Minangkabau , Batak , Malay , Madurese , Balinese , Ambonese and many other Indonesians who migrated to and settled in West Java cities can also be easily found.

West Java urban areas also have a significant population of Chinese Indonesians. In addition to Indonesian , the official national language, the other widely spoken language in the province is Sundanese.

In some areas near the southern borders with Central Java , Javanese is also spoken. The main language spoken in Cirebon and nearby areas Majalengka , Indramayu , Sumber is Cirebonese , a dialect of Javanese with Sundanese influence.

Indonesian is widely spoken as a second language. Although the Sundanese live in the same island as the Javanese, their culture is distinct and they likewise consider themselves to live in a separate cultural area called Pasundan or Tatar Sunda.

Bandung, the capital city of West Java, is considered as the cultural heartland of Sundanese people.

Many indigenous Sundanese artforms were developed in this city. The nearby province of Banten, which was formerly part of West Java before it became its own province, is similar in this regard and is also considered to be part of Pasundan as well.

The musical arts of Sunda, which is an expression of the emotions of Sundanese culture, express politeness and grace of Sundanese.

Degung orchestra consists of Sundanese gamelan. In addition to the Sundanese forms of Gamelan in Parahyangan , the region of Cirebon retains its own distinct musical traditions.

Amongst Cirebons' varying Gamelan ensembles the two most frequently heard are Gamelan Pelog a non-equidistant heptatonic tuning system and Gamelan Prawa a semi-equidistant pentatonic tuning system.

Gamelan Pelog is traditionally reserved for Tayuban, Wayang Cepak, and for listening and dance music of the Kratons in Cirebon.

Whereas Gamelan Prawa is traditionally reserved for Wayang Purwa. Cirebon also retains specialized Gamelan ensembles including: Sekaten, which is played in the Kratons to mark important times in the Islamic calendar.

Denggung, also a Kraton ensemble which is believed to have a number of "supernatural powers". And Renteng, an ensemble found in both Cirebon and Parahyangan that is known for its loud and energetic playing style.

Tembang Sunda is a genre of Sundanese vocal music accompanied by a core ensemble of two kacapi zither and a suling bamboo flute.

Tembang means song or poem and Sunda is a geographical, historical, and cultural construct which signifies home for the Sundanese people of Indonesia.

The music and poetry of tembang Sunda are closely associated with the Parahyangan literally the abode of the gods , the highland plateau that transverses the central and southern parts of Sunda.

The natural environment of Priangan, an agricultural region surrounded by mountains and volcanoes, is reflected in some songs of the tembang Sunda.

Tarawangsa is a genuine popular art is performed on ensemble consists of tarawangsa a violin with an end pin and the jentreng a kind of seven-stringed zither.

It is accompanied by a secret dance called Jentreng. The dance is a part of a ritual celebrating the goddess of paddy Dewi Sri. Its ceremonial significance is associated with a ritual of thanksgiving associated with the rice harvest.

Tarawangsa can also be played for healing or even purely for entertainment. The three main types of Sundanese bamboo ensembles are angklung , calung , karinding and arumba.

The exact features of each ensemble vary according to context, related instruments, and relative popularity. Angklung is a generic term for sets of tuned, shaken bamboo rattles.

Angklung consists of a frame upon which hang several different lengths of hollow bamboo. Angklungs are played like handbells, with each instrument played to a different note.

Angklung rattles are played in interlocking patterns, usually with only one or two instruments played per person. The ensemble is used in Sundanese processions, sometimes with trance or acrobatics.

Performed at life-cycle rituals and feasts hajat , angklung is believed to maintain balance and harmony in the village.

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Wir bilden euch mit Seminaren weiter: für den Arbeitsalltag und zu gesellschaftspolitischen Themen. Wir handeln Tarifverträge aus, die euch mehr Geld bringen und eure Übernahme nach der Ausbildung sichern.

Jav youtube Sollten Sie trotzdem auf eine Urheberrechtsverletzung aufmerksam werden, bitten wir Two hole slut einen entsprechenden Hinweis. Der Betriebsrat überwacht die Einhaltung von Gesetzen, Verordnungen, Tarifverträgen und Betriebsvereinbarungen und setzt sich dafür ein, dass Situationsverschlechterungen Rote fotze auftreten. Sie nehmen in ihrer Funktion folgende Aufgaben wahr:. Über Sex in kleidern Betriebsrat. Wo finden die Seminare statt? Wir erklären, wie die JAV Auszubildende unterstützt und wie sie Ausbildung im Betrieb konkret besser macht. Seminare für BR, PR, JAV, MAV + SBV Informationen für Personalratsmitglieder (Link zu Youtube-Video) · Informationen für Mitglieder der JAV nach BetrVG. Impressum der Website markscykelmc.se der vereinten Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft mit allen gesetzlich vorgeschriebenen markscykelmc.se Das Betriebsratsbüro befindet sich vor der Physikalischen Abteilung, Haus 5, Ebene U1. Jugend- und Auszubildendenvertretung (JAV) Die JAV besteht aus fünf. Weiterbildung JAV-Wahlen - Damit alles stimmt! - JAV-​Wahlvorstandsschulung (BetrVG). Seminarangebote des Bezirk Fils-​Neckar-. Jav youtube

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By Newsroom. The previous day started in Mallorca and now we are in Basque Country on our tour of pipe organs in Spain.

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Search for: Blog posts Products. Skinner Organ at Saint Peter's in Morristown. View more. In the sixteenth century, the Dutch and the British trading companies established their trading ships in West Java after the falldown of Sultanate of Banten.

West Java was officially declared as a province of Indonesia in , referring to a statement from Staatblad number On 17 October , as part of nationwide political decentralisation, Banten was separated from West Java and made into a new province.

There have been recent proposals to rename the province Pasundan "Land of the Sundanese " after the historical name for West Java. These 26 cities and regencies are divided into districts Indonesian: Kecamatan , which comprise 1, urban villages Indonesian: Kelurahan and 4, rural villages Indonesian: Desa.

To the north is the Java Sea. To the south is the Indian Ocean. Unlike most other provinces in Indonesia which have their capitals in coastal areas, the provincial capital, Bandung, is located in the mountainous area in the centre of the province.

Banten Province was formerly part of West Java Province but was created a separate province in West Java, in the densely populated western third of Java, is home to almost 1 out of every 5 Indonesians.

West Java and Banten provinces, as a part of the Pacific Ring of Fire , have more mountains and volcanoes than any of the other provinces in Indonesia.

The vast volcanic mountainous region of inland West Java is traditionally known as Parahyangan also known as Priangan or Preanger which means "The abode of hyangs gods ".

It is considered as the heartland of the Sundanese people. West Java has rich and fertile volcanic soil. Agriculture, especially traditional dry rice cultivation known as ladang or huma , has become the main way of life of traditional Sundanese people.

Since the colonial VOC and Dutch East Indies era, West Java has been known as a productive plantation area for coffee, tea, quinine, and many other cash crops.

The mountainous region of West Java is also a major producer of vegetables and decorative flowering plants.

The landscape of the province is one of volcanic mountains, steep terrain, forest, mountains, rivers, fertile agricultural land, and natural sea harbours.

Flowing through Bandung Basin to the northeast is Citarum River , the longest and most important river in the province.

The river is heavily polluted by industrial and household sewage to the point that it has been called as 'the world's dirtiest river' by some.

Initially, the economy of the Sundanese people in West Java relied heavily on rice cultivation. Ancient kingdoms established in West Java such as the Tarumanagara and Sunda Kingdom are known to have relied on rice taxes and agriculture revenues.

The cycle of life of the ancient Sundanese people revolved around the rice crop cycle. Traditional rice harvest festivals such as the Seren Taun were important.

Traditionally, Sundanese people often used dry rice cultivation ladang. After the Mataram expanded to the Priangan area in the early 17th century following the Sultan Agung campaign against Dutch Batavia, sawah wet rice cultivation began to be adopted in the northern lowlands of West Java.

Regencies such as Indramayu , Cirebon , Subang , Karawang and Bekasi are now well known as key rice producing areas. The mountainous region of West Java supplies vegetables, flower and many horticultural produce to Jakarta and Bandung.

Animal farms in West Java produce dairy products and meats. The Dutch colonial government introduced cash crops such as tea , coffee , and quinine.

Since the 18th century, West Java known as "De Preanger" was known as a productive plantation area, and became integrated with global trade and economy.

Services such as transportation and banking were provided to cater for wealthy Dutch plantation owners.

West Java is known as one of the earliest developed regions in the Indonesian archipelago. In the early 20th century, the Dutch colonial government developed infrastructures for economic purposes, especially to support Dutch plantations in the region.

Roads and railways were constructed to connect inland plantations area with urban centers such as Bandung and port of Batavia.

After Indonesian independence in , West Java became a supporting region for Jakarta, the Indonesian capital. Jakarta remained as the business and political center of Indonesia.

The northern area of West Java has become a major industrial area. Areas such as Bekasi, Cikarang and Karawang are sprawling with factories and industries.

The area in and around Bandung also developed as industrial area. Forest in West Java covers , It consists of productive forest , Mangrove forest reaches 40, Besides, there is also another protected forest of about 32, West Java also produce non-forest's crop which is potential enough to be developed as forestry work, such as silk, mushroom, pine, dammar, maleleuca, rattan, bamboo, and swallow bird's nest.

In fishery sector, commodities include goldfish, nila fish, milkfish, freshwater catfish, windu shrimp, green mussel, gouramy, patin, seaweed and vaname shrimp.

In the poultry field, dairy cow, domestic poultry, and ducks are common commodities in West Java. This province has many plantation crops, such as tea, cloves, coconut, rubber, cacao, tobacco, coffee, sugar, palm and akar wangi Chrysopogon zizanioides.

From all those commodities, cloves, coconut, rubber, cocoa, tobacco, and coffee are common in West Java.

From production side, the highest productivity is oil palm 6. West Java also has a number of mining operations. Precious stone mining potential generally are found in Garut, Tasikmalaya, Kuningan, and Sukabumi Regency areas.

As consequences of has many volcanoes, West Java is potential of Geothermal energy. There are 11 points of geothermal energy and 3 points, i. Papandayan , Ceremai and Gede Pangrango have conducted pre-exploration.

Raw natural resources include chalk , several offshore oilfields in the Java Sea , and lumber. Most of the province is very fertile, with a mix of small farms and larger plantations.

There are several hydropower dams, including Jatiluhur , Saguling , Cirata , and Jatigede. Tourism is an important industry in West Java, and the Bandung and Puncak areas have long been known as popular weekend destinations for Jakartans.

Today Bandung has developed into a shopping destination, popular not only among local Indonesian especially Jakartans, but also with neighboring Malaysian and Singaporean visitors.

The population growth rate recorded in the ten years to was 1. West Java is the native homeland of Sundanese people which forms the largest ethnic group in West Java, followed by Javanese who migrated to the province centuries ago.

Since Jakarta and the surrounding area, including West Java, is the business and political center of Indonesia, the province has attracted various people from throughout Indonesia.

Other Native Indonesian ethnic groups such as Minangkabau , Batak , Malay , Madurese , Balinese , Ambonese and many other Indonesians who migrated to and settled in West Java cities can also be easily found.

West Java urban areas also have a significant population of Chinese Indonesians. In addition to Indonesian , the official national language, the other widely spoken language in the province is Sundanese.

In some areas near the southern borders with Central Java , Javanese is also spoken. The main language spoken in Cirebon and nearby areas Majalengka , Indramayu , Sumber is Cirebonese , a dialect of Javanese with Sundanese influence.

Indonesian is widely spoken as a second language. Although the Sundanese live in the same island as the Javanese, their culture is distinct and they likewise consider themselves to live in a separate cultural area called Pasundan or Tatar Sunda.

Bandung, the capital city of West Java, is considered as the cultural heartland of Sundanese people. Many indigenous Sundanese artforms were developed in this city.

The nearby province of Banten, which was formerly part of West Java before it became its own province, is similar in this regard and is also considered to be part of Pasundan as well.

The musical arts of Sunda, which is an expression of the emotions of Sundanese culture, express politeness and grace of Sundanese.

Degung orchestra consists of Sundanese gamelan. In addition to the Sundanese forms of Gamelan in Parahyangan , the region of Cirebon retains its own distinct musical traditions.

Amongst Cirebons' varying Gamelan ensembles the two most frequently heard are Gamelan Pelog a non-equidistant heptatonic tuning system and Gamelan Prawa a semi-equidistant pentatonic tuning system.

Gamelan Pelog is traditionally reserved for Tayuban, Wayang Cepak, and for listening and dance music of the Kratons in Cirebon. Whereas Gamelan Prawa is traditionally reserved for Wayang Purwa.

Cirebon also retains specialized Gamelan ensembles including: Sekaten, which is played in the Kratons to mark important times in the Islamic calendar.

Denggung, also a Kraton ensemble which is believed to have a number of "supernatural powers". And Renteng, an ensemble found in both Cirebon and Parahyangan that is known for its loud and energetic playing style.

Tembang Sunda is a genre of Sundanese vocal music accompanied by a core ensemble of two kacapi zither and a suling bamboo flute. Tembang means song or poem and Sunda is a geographical, historical, and cultural construct which signifies home for the Sundanese people of Indonesia.

The music and poetry of tembang Sunda are closely associated with the Parahyangan literally the abode of the gods , the highland plateau that transverses the central and southern parts of Sunda.

The natural environment of Priangan, an agricultural region surrounded by mountains and volcanoes, is reflected in some songs of the tembang Sunda.

Tarawangsa is a genuine popular art is performed on ensemble consists of tarawangsa a violin with an end pin and the jentreng a kind of seven-stringed zither.

It is accompanied by a secret dance called Jentreng. The dance is a part of a ritual celebrating the goddess of paddy Dewi Sri.

Its ceremonial significance is associated with a ritual of thanksgiving associated with the rice harvest. Tarawangsa can also be played for healing or even purely for entertainment.

The three main types of Sundanese bamboo ensembles are angklung , calung , karinding and arumba. The exact features of each ensemble vary according to context, related instruments, and relative popularity.

Angklung is a generic term for sets of tuned, shaken bamboo rattles. Angklung consists of a frame upon which hang several different lengths of hollow bamboo.

Angklungs are played like handbells, with each instrument played to a different note. Angklung rattles are played in interlocking patterns, usually with only one or two instruments played per person.

The ensemble is used in Sundanese processions, sometimes with trance or acrobatics. Performed at life-cycle rituals and feasts hajat , angklung is believed to maintain balance and harmony in the village.

In its most modern incarnation, angklung is performed in schools as an aid to learning about music.

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